The Raging Sandwich

This Day in Spaceflight History

518 posts in this topic

March 6

1927: Leroy Gordon Cooper, Jr., was born. He spent over a day in space on Mercury MA-9 and flew on Gemini 5.

Image result for leroy gordon cooper

1937: Valentina Tereshkova was born. She became the first female person in space when she flew on Vostok 6 as propoganda.

Image result for valentina tereshkova

1986: Vega 1 completed a flyby of Comet Halley.

Image result for vega 1 halley flyby

 

March 7

1968: Zond 4 reentered the Earth's atmosphere. Its guidance system failed during reentry so it could not complete its planned double-skip reentry into the Soviet Union. As a result, it self-destructed during reentry.

2009: The Kepler space telescope was launched into orbit. It constantly viewed 145,000 stars, detecting over 2,000 planets orbiting them in its first 3 years of operation. 

Image result for kepler space telescope launch

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2 minutes ago, The Raging Sandwich said:

He spent over a day in space on Mercury MA-9 and flew on Gemini 5.

I would also add in the Apollo 1 fire.

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Just now, munlander1 said:

I would also add in the Apollo 1 fire.

No, he wasn't in Apollo 1. That was Grissom, White, and Chaffee.

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Just now, The Raging Sandwich said:

No, he wasn't in Apollo 1. That was Grissom, White, and Chaffee.

I read it wrong. Thought it said Grissom for some reason :blush:.

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Oh, okay. That always happen to me, I read something, think another.

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March 8

1959: A Mercury abort test was conducted at Wallops Island. The abort procedure was less than nominal, causing sporadic movement on the spacecraft. 

1977: Uranus was discovered to have rings.

Image result for uranus rings

1986: The Japanese Suisei spacecraft completed a flyby of the comet Halley.

Image result for suisei halley flyby

2001: STS-102 and its crew of 7, including one cosmonaut, was launched on a 12-day mission to the ISS. It carried with it the Leonardo logistics module to be docked to the Unity on the station. It docked with the station on March 9 and delivered the module. It delivered new supplies to the station and retrieved trash to be returned. Spacewalks were conducted to prepare for a Canadian robotic arm to be installed later on in another mission. 102 left behind 3 of its crew and brought back 3 more from the station.

Image result for sts-102 launch

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1934: Yuri Gagarin, the first person in space, was born. He flew on Vostok 1 were he orbited once around Earth. After, the Soviet leaders didn't want him to fly, claiming him as too important. They later let him fly into space again. He died in 1968 in a MiG trainer plane craft.

Image result for yuri gagarin

1955: Walt Disney's "Man in Space" weekly series premiered, with Wernher Von Braun as a technical adviser.

Image result for disney's man in space

1959: Several tests were conducted at Langley and Wallops Island for different ablative materials for a heat shield for an orbital Mercury spacecraft.

  Image result for mercury heat shield tests

1961: Korabl-Sputnik 4, a test of the Vostok spacecraft, was launched. It carried a dog named Chernushka and the mannequin Ivan Ivanovich. After reentry on March 9, Ivanovich was ejected and landed by parachute while Chernushka landed safely with the capsule.

Image result for korabl-sputnik 4

(The only picture I could find about it was of Chernushka, so here you go.)

1962: John Glenn was presented his Astronaut Wings, becoming the third man to receive them.

Image result for john glenn astronaut wings

1986: Vega 2 completed its flyby of Comet Halley.

Image result for vega 2 comet halley flyby

1996: STS-75 and its crew of 7 landed back at Earth.

Image result for sts-75 landing

2005: The Cassini spacecraft completed flybys of Enceladus and Tethys.

Image result for cassini enceladus flyby 3/9Image result for tethys moon

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March 10

1978: Soyuz 28 and its crew of 2 landed back at Earth.

Image result for soyuz 28 landing

1986: The Japanese probe Sakigake completed a flyby of Comet Halley.

Image result for sakigake comet halley flyby

2006: The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter inserted itself into Mars orbit.

 

March 11

1945: German architect Walter Hohmann died. He defined the Hohmann Transfer, which is the minimal amount of energy needed to transfer orbit to another body.

Image result for walter hohmann

1956: Curtis Brown, Jr., was born. He flew into space 6 times on STS-47, 66, 77, 85, 95, and 103.

Image result for curtis brown astronaut

1960: Pioneer V was launched. It investigated solar flares, particle energies, and magnetic phenomena from solar orbit between Venus and Earth.

Image result for pioneer v launch

1961: The second Soviet manned spacecraft, later called Voskhod, was approved.

Image result for voskhod spacecraft

2008: STS-123 and its crew of 7 launched into orbit on a 15-day mission to the ISS. It docked to the station on March 13. It delivered the Canadian Dextre robotic manipulator to the end of the already-installed Canadarm-2. It also delivered the Japanese Kibo ELM-PS Experiment Logistics Module. It then undocked from the station on March 25 and landed the next day.

Image result for sts-123 launch

More coming later today

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March 12

1923: Walter Schirra was born. He was one of the original Mercury Seven astronauts and flew on Mercury MA-8, Gemini 6, and Apollo 7. Notable spaceflight achievements was being in the first crew to rendezvous in space and the Commander of the first manned Apollo mission.

Image result for wally schirra

1981: Soyuz T-4 and its crew of 2 launched into orbit on a mission to the Salyut 6.

Image result for soyuz t-4 launch

2002: STS-109 and its crew of 7 landed back at Earth.

Image result for sts-109 landing

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Posted (edited)

March 13

1781: Astronomer William Herschel discovered the planet Uranus.

Image result for uranus

1969: Apollo 9 and its crew splashed down in the Atlantic.

Image result for apollo 9 landing

1982: Nikolai Kamanin, the first commander of Soviet cosmonaut detachment, died.

Image result for nikolai kamanin

1986: The ESA's Giotto spacecraft completed a flyby of Comet Halley.

Image result for giotto halley flyby

1986: Soyuz TM-15 and its crew of 2 launched into orbit on a mission to the Mir. On April 17, the Mir was boosted to match the orbit of Salyut 7 and again on May 4. On May 5, the crew undocked, rendezvoused with Salyut 7, and docked to it. They got its systems working again, gathered supplies left behind by the last crew, and undocked on June 25, docking with the Mir again on June 26. The crew landed back at Earth on July 16.

Image result for soyuz tm-15 launch

1989: STS-29 and its crew of 5 launched into orbit on a 5-day mission. It deployed the TDRS-4, a NASA communications satellite. 

Image result for sts-29 launch

Edited by The Raging Sandwich

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March 14

1928: Frank Borman II was born. He flew on Gemini 7 and Apollo 8. Notable spaceflight achievements were being in the first crew to rendezvous in space and being in the first crew to orbit the Moon.

Image result for frank borman

1934: Eugene Cernan was born. He flew on Gemini 9, Apollo 10, and Apollo 17. Notable spaceflight achievements were being the 11th person on the Moon and the last person to step off the Moon.

Image result for gene cernan

1995: Soyuz TM-21 and its crew of 3 launched into orbit on a mission to the Mir. It included astronaut Norman Thagard, the first American to be launched on a Soyuz. It docked to the station on March 16.

   Image result for soyuz tm-21 launch

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March 15

1932: Alan Bean was born. He flew on Apollo 12 and Skylab 3. Notable spaceflight achievement was being the 4th person to walk on the Moon.

Image result for alan bean

1973: A meteorite fell in San Juan Capistrano, USA.

Image result for san juan capistrano meteorite

2009: STS-119 and its crew of 6 launched into orbit on a 12-day mission to the ISS. It delivered the ITS S6 truss segment and solar arrays to the station.

Image result for sts-119 launch

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Posted (edited)

March 16

1927: Vladimir Komarov was born. He flew on Voskhod 1 and Soyuz 1. Spaceflight achievement was being the Commander of Voskhod 1, the first mission with more than one person and the first mission with a crew of three. He died on Soyuz 1 when the parachutes tangled up on deployment. US stations in Turkey reported hearing Komarov cursing the people who put him on the "botched ship."

Image result for vladimir komarov

1932: Ronnie Walter Cunningham was born. He flew on Apollo 7. Spaceflight achievement was being in the first manned Apollo mission.

Image result for ronnie cunningham astronaut

1955: Walt Disney's second Von Braun program, Man and the Moon, was first aired. Von Braun introduced a wheel-shaped space station for a platform to the Moon.

Image result for von braun man and the moon

1966: Gemini 8's Agena Target Vehicle was launched into orbit. Gemini 8 was to dock with it in orbit during its mission which would launch the same day.

Image result for gemini 8 agena launch

1966: Gemini 8 and its crew of Armstrong and Scott launched into orbit. The spacecraft rendezvoused and docked successfully with the Agena Target Vehicle. Soon after, the spacecraft and the Agena started to roll and yaw unexpectedly. The spacecraft and the astronauts were reaching their absolute limits. Armstrong undocked, thinking the problem was with the Agena. This only made it worse and the reaction control systems were shut down. The reentry control systems were used to stop the spinning. A stuck thruster caused the spinning. Most of the fuel was used up in the ordeal and the spacecraft was ordered to land ing the Pacific. This cut Scott's planned spacewalk from the mission. The spacecraft landed safely the same day as launch.

Image result for gemini 8 launch

1975: Mariner 10 started its third and final flyby of Mercury.

Image result for mariner 10 mercury flyby

1978: Soyuz 27 and its crew of 2 landed back at Earth.

Image result for soyuz 27 landing

 

March 17

1930: James Irwin was born. He flew on Apollo 15. Spaceflight achievement was being the 8th person on the Moon.

Image result for james irwin

1936: Thomas Mattingly II was born. He flew on Apollo 16, STS-4, and STS-51-C. He was designated to fly on Apollo 13 but was removed two-days prior after coming down with the measles. Spaceflight achievements were orbiting the Moon as Command Module Pilot of Apollo 16 and the Commander of STS-44 and 51-C.

Image result for thomas mattingly

1958: Vanguard 1 was launched. It was the fourth artificial satellite launched into Earth orbit. It is currently still in orbit, being the oldest man-made object still in orbit today.

Image result for vanguard 1 launch

1992: Soyuz TM-14 and its crew of 3 launched into Earth orbit on a mission to the Mir. It docked to the station on March 19.

Image result for soyuz tm-14 launch

2010: X-15 pilot Robert White died. He became the first person to fly into space on the X-15 on flight 62.

Image result for robert michael white

 

March 18

1880: Walter Hohmann, the creator of the Hohmann Transfer, was born.

Image result for walter hohmann

1961: Mercury Litte Joe LJ-5A was launched. It was a redo of the test flight on November 8, where the spacecraft failed to separate from the rocket. It was to test the structural integrity of the spacecraft during a launch escape on an Atlas booster. The LES fired prematurely again. The spacecraft was ordered to separate, but could not get distance away from the launch vehicle as the LES had already fired. The spacecraft was recovered successfully and was used on the LJ-5B mission.

Image result for mercury lj-5a launch

1965: Voskhod 2 and its crew of 2 launched into Earth orbit on a 1-day mission. An inflatable airlock was extended from the spacecraft hatch. Alexei Leonov stepped out of the airlock to conduct the first spacewalk which lasted 10 minutes.

  Image result for alexei leonov spacewalk

1980: The Tselina-D Ukrainian probe was to be launched into Earth orbit. The rocket exploded, causing the launchpad to be destroyed and decommissioned until April 1983.

 Image result for tselina-d

1989: STS-29 and its crew of 5 landed back at Earth.

Image result for sts-29 landing

1994: STS-62 and its crew of 5 landed back at Earth.

Image result for sts-62 landing

1995: STS-67 and its crew of 7 landed back at Earth.

Image result for sts-67 landing

Edited by The Raging Sandwich
forums were buggy
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March 19

1965: Voskhod 2 and its crew of 2 landed back at Earth. The failure of the service module to separate after retrofire caused the spacecraft to go off course during reentry. The tie-down straps burned through and the module separated. The spacecraft and the crew landed in a heavy forest in the Ural mountains surrounded by wolves. Recovery crews got to the Voskhod crew two days later.

1990: The Japanese Hiten did a flyby of the Moon.

Image result for hiten moon flyby

2006: The Cassini did a flyby of the moon Titan.

Image result for titan

2008: Author Arthur C. Clarke died. He wrote such things as 2001: A Space Odyssey and wrote the concept of a geosynchronous orbit in 1946.

Image result for arthur c clarke

 

March 20

1965: The Voskhod 2 crew were found by recovery crew landing away from the stranded crew via helicopter and skiing down to them.

Image result for voskhod 2 landing

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March 21

1941: Dirk Frimout, the first Belgian astronaut, was born. He flew on STS-45.

Image result for dirk frimout

1965: The crew of Voskhod 2 were recovered.

Image result for voskhod 2 crew recovery

1965: Ranger 9 was launched. It was to impact the lunar surface at the crater Alphonsus. It impacted successfully 65 hours after launch. Americans watched it from real-time pictures transmitted from the probe. 

Image result for ranger 9 launch

2001: STS-102 and its crew of 7 landed back at Earth.

Image result for sts-102 landing

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March 22

1951: Azerbaijani cosmonaut Musa Manarov was born. He flew on Mir Expeditions 3 and 8. Spaceflight achievement was spending 541 total days in space.

Manarov

1981: Soyuz 39 and its crew of 2 launched into orbit on a mission to the Salyut 6.

Image result for soyuz 39 launch

1982: STS-3 and its crew of 2 launched into orbit on an 8-day mission. It carried onboard experiments with it as a test flight of the shuttle.

Image result for sts-3 launch

1995: Soyuz TM-20 and its crew of 3 landed back at Earth.

1996: STS-76 and its crew of 6 launched into orbit on a 9-day mission to the Mir. It was the third Shuttle-Mir mission. It docked with the station on March 24. Shannon Lucid was transferred to the station for an extended stay.

Image result for sts-76 launch

 

March 23

1912: Wernher von Braun was born. He was the chief pedant rocket scientist during World War II, designing the V2 missile. After the war, he was transferred to the United States where he worked on early US missiles including the Redstone and Jupiter missiles. He was transferred to the NASA team to help design the Saturn rockets to take the US to the Moon.

Image result for wernher von braun

1961: Cosmonaut Valentin Bondarenko died. It was the tenth day of a 15-day endurance test in a pure-oxygen pressure chamber when a fire broke out, killing him.

1965: Gemini 3 and its crew of veteran astronaut Virgil Grissom and rookie astronaut John Young was launched on a three-orbit mission around the Earth. It was the first manned flight of the Gemini spacecraft. After three orbits, the crew made the first manual reentry. As a prank, Young took a corned beef sandwich on the spacecraft with him.

Image result for gemini 3 launch

1983: President Ronald Reagan proposed the Strategic Defense Initiative, or "Star Wars." It was an orbital system that would shoot down incoming missiles to the US.

Image result for strategic defense initiative star wars

2001: The Mir space station was deorbited, reentering over Fiji.

Image result for mir space station reentry

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7 hours ago, The Raging Sandwich said:

Image result for strategic defense initiative star wars

A Mickey Mouse battlestation? That never goes wrong.

bc856f5ca86d3f0714d01583c4411a41.jpg

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March 24

1961: Mercury MR-BD was launched. It was an unmanned test of the Redstone-Mercury composite. It was launched instead of Mercury MR-3A, what was supposed to be Alan Shepard's flight into space, which was cancelled. Von Braun persisted that they went ahead with one last test before a manned flight. If MR-3A was launched instead, Alan Shepard would've been the first man in space.

Image result for mercury mr-bd launch

1975: After running out of fuel, Mariner 10 was deactivated.

Image result for mariner 10

1992: STS-45 and its crew of 7 launched into orbit on a 9-day mission. It carried with it the ATLAS-1 experiment package on-board the ship.

sts-45.jpg

Edited by The Raging Sandwich
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