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Posts posted by Terwin

  1. 3 hours ago, heli said:

    Thanks for the reply, yeah I guess I'll have to take a closer look at the new resource chain somehow.
    Unfortunately, there are no instructions or diagrams for the new chain here, are there?

    WOLF uses exactly the same resources and materials that the MKS system uses, it just uses WOLF-specific parts to extract and process them.  The units represent materials over time instead of distinct chunks of something physical to avoid additional processing load, but that is the biggest difference between the two.   (use hoppers to convert WOLF materials into MKS materials)

    3 hours ago, heli said:

    So I guess I have to test a lot first ;)
    Would you advise not to use KIS and Global Construction anymore?
    That could be the end of my old career game, let's see how/if I do it like that

    KIS has been generally supplanted by the stock inventory system.  I do not think that the actually conflict, but remembering what is in which sort of inventory and handling it appropriately could be a headache.


    I believe USI now has it's own in-situ vessel construction mechanic, making GC redundant, but once again, I do not believe that they actually conflict, it is just that trying to actually use both at the same time may cause more headaches than it is worth, at least long-term. 


  2. 14 hours ago, Jason Kerman said:

    Hi! Is there an archived version of MKS-Lite? I'd like to have a try to make it up-to-date if you don't mind.

    In the current version of MKS you can specify how much machinery is consumed, including setting machinery consumption to zero.

    To the best of my understanding zero machinery consumption is the primary difference between MKS and MKS lite, so this setting makes MKS lite redundant.

  3. 58 minutes ago, Pthigrivi said:

    Right now the wealthiest 1% of the global population controls more than half of all wealth. For reference that's more than 213 trillion USD. We could solve global hunger and poverty at the bargain price of 172 billion per year, or a .08% tax on the most obscenely wealthy people in the world. 

    How are you going to get your hands on the wealth of the Saudi royal family, or other authoritarian régimes?   They tax others, they themselves do not get taxed, and anyone who wants to try , will need to get past their tanks and soldiers.

    Also, how do you take part of the value of a billion dollar chip foundry?  a Skyscraper? It is not like these amounts of money are actually sitting around in bank accounts.

    Any funds in bank accounts would just get shuffled into banks in non-compliant countries anyway.


  4. Imperial evolved over time as a system that could maintain a reasonable level of accuracy with little or nothing in the way of tools.

    You have a gallon and you need a quart?  Divide it in half twice.  Need a pint, divide that in half.

    Units are centered around day-to-day needs, and conversions generally involve halves and thirds, which can be estimated by eye with a reasonable level of accuracy.


    Metric was engineered from the out-set to be useful for engineering and scientific purposes, simplifying the usage of both scales and conversions that a pre-industrial farmer would never need or use.


    If you want something that is easy to use in your day to day life where you can eye-ball the difference and make conversions without any tools, Imperial works best.

    If you want precision engineering, or you want to do complex calculations, or you want to use macro/micro scales, then metric is better fit for purpose.


    In our highly mechanized world, Metric tends to make more sense, but that will not stop curmudgeon like myself from holding tight to our yard-sticks, gallons of milk, and wanting a pleasant day to be around 70 degrees.

  5. 38 minutes ago, TKMK said:

    @Terwin So how much 'true' radioactive waste would be left by the end of that which couldn't be dealt with and would have to be launched on starship?

    According to here there is roughly 3.14g per day per MW of U235 consumed by a thermal fission reactor.

    According to this the US produced 843 bln kWh from nuclear power in 2019

    1 MW-day would be 24MWh

    843 bln kWh/24MWh = 843 M/24= ~35M  multiply that by 3.14 grams for ~111 metric tons of U235 converted to by-products for all US powerplants in 2019

    According to Wiki, those by-products are  iodine, caesium, strontium, xenon and barium.

    I do not know the percentages produced, but the most radioactive products have short half-lives and are all but gone in a few months, then the radioactive signature is dominated by less radioactive isotopes for the next couple of years, followed by longer-lived isotopes after that.

     So with just fuel-rod recycling to recapture un-spent uranium, all nuclear waste produced by power generation in the US in 2019 could be carried in a single Starship.  If you let those rods sit in a holding pool for a few months or a couple years, you probably reduce that amount significantly.

    Note: in 2019 19% of US power was from nuclear, so even scaling up to 50-80% nuclear power, you are probably looking at 1-2 SS/year or less to dispose of the waste.  

    Note 2: Electricity consumption in the US went down in 2020, then up in 2021, but still less than 2019.  Numbers for 2022 are not yet available.

  6. To start with, the vast majority of 'nuclear waste' are just things that had neutron activation due to being in proximity to a nuclear reaction.  For the most part these are no more radioactive than natural materials like granite.  Thanks to the linear approximation method that is still in use even after being proven wrong, all of these bits, pieces, and structural materials must be locked away for 10,000 years in a geologically stable environment.


    For real radioactive waste, like 'spent' fuel rods, just discarding them like we are is terribly wasteful, as something like 80%+ of the fuel is still there, it is just 'poisoned' by reaction byproducts.  These could easily be recycled into new fuel rods, leaving only a small amount of actual reaction waste products.

    These, often highly radioactive, waste products could then be put in to a fast 'breeder reactor'(the navy had one for processing spent nuclear fuel, producing both useable fuel and energy, but it was decommissioned, and no one else was allowed to have one due to the risk of proliferation, as they can also produce weapons-grade materials).


    Once you start ignoring things that are less radioactive than common, naturally occurring materials, and re-processing 'spent' fuel, you are mostly left with highly energetic materials, that have short half-lives.  Generally these are things that could be put in a storge pool for at most a decade or two, then discarded normally as being in the 'low radioactivity' category mentioned above.


    The only thing that makes nuclear waste management 'impossible' is FUD driven politics.

  7. When I was using near future engines, I remember the large ISRU processor being able to produce lithium from ore.

    This might not be balanced however as the large ISRU does a straight loss-less conversion based on mass, and ore containers are much more mass efficient than lithium tanks.

    (But if you are already using firespitter to swap tank contents, this is probably less of an issue.)

  8. 1 hour ago, Pixophir said:

    Dear colleague, politics, agenda and general defamation aside, the power source for the roof top exists. It is called solar power and depending on the area it can easily supply a household with power including charging an electric car, and add excess to the grid, earning a buck or two. It doesn't power households for just a decade, rather 2-3. There are solutions to combine it with wind and water where applicable and wanted. In combination with a low energy house, well insulated and intelligently placed windows and ventilation system with heat exchanger, heat pump, living off-grid - for whatever reason or agenda, - has become trivial at not too high latitudes. Individual cases need calculation of course.

    In most countries it is an initial investment that pays off, sooner than later at current price hike rates.

    One needs a house with somewhat suitable roof or another area and/or can participate in neighbourhood projects. These solutions are often times subsidized. Some of it (the PV part, when not grid connected because regulations) can even be made DIY to a degree, because DC isn't rocket science.

    I have never seen anything that would let someone manufacture solar panels in their garage, nor any way to produce solar panels cheaply, let alone something that does both.

    The primary criteria I listed were cheap and easy, whereas solar panels are neither.

    If solar gets a break-even period of less than 2 years I might consider it cheap, but having a break-even period measured in decades is not so cheap.  

  9. Every source of energy has it's down-sides, and we should expect that to continue to be the case going forwards.

    If environmental groups were really concerned with global climate change, and not just fund-raising, they would have been advocating for nuclear power instead of against it.

    The ignorant fear, the self-interested stoke that fear to their own ends, and we all get more propaganda until it gets to the point that your 'truth' depends on which source of lies you distrust less.


    Unless you have a magical power source that people can build in their own garage on a shoe-string budget and then power their entire neighborhood for a decade, the supply for the power grid will continue to be used as a game piece by people seeking more money, more power, or both.

  10. 13 hours ago, StrandedonEarth said:

    Bubblegum and baling wire? With a healthy dose of duct tape, of course

    Or as I said earlier, a solid, strong structure. A solid metal or crystal is not reliant on gravity the way a loose (or compacted) pile of dirt, sand, and gravel is.

    It does get a lot harder to have surface water however, unless you have something like a force-field or gravity generator just for the lake. (Liquid water by itself tends not to have a high structural strength)

  11. 15 hours ago, Spacescifi said:

    So if one those famous scifi alien flying saucers  was hovering overhead it would cause quite the air wave gusts over the ground.

    Surely no one could be below it without getting pinned against the ground, or if to the side blown away.

    Depends on the range of the aerokinesis field.  If the field is similar in size to the blades of a helicopter, then you would get helicopter-type down-drafts, but if you can affect a half-kilometer radius, then it would be a gentle breeze(or less), even with a several-ton vessel.


    Google says air at sea-level has a mass of 1.225 kg/m³

    A sample helicopter from Wiki has a max takeoff weight of 4300 kg and a rotor diameter of 15m, giving a rotor area listed as ~168 sq m, giving a down-draft of roughly 26kg per sq m or a ~21m/s down-draft

    This would be a Beaufort number of 9 or Strong Gale

    A 21m aerokinesis diameter would reduce the required thrust per sq m by half to ~10m/s, reducing the Beaufort number to 5, which is 'Fresh Breeze'

    A 30m Aerokinesis diameter would reduce that by half again to ~5m/s, giving a Beaufort number of 3, or gentle breeze

  12. I you have aerokinesis, then you just grab some air and keep it next to the skin of the vehicle as a buffer, possibly changing it out if it gets too hot.

    Maximum mass of your vehicle would be related to:

    Mass of the total amount of air you can move / mass of your vehicle.

    If you can extend your aerokinesis field over a wide area, ten you can have a much heavier craft than if the range is measured in inches, just due to the mass of the air you an move.

    If you are worried about heating, drop the wings and go with a more needle type shape(or rocket-type if you prefer).  Perhaps with out-riggers if your aerokinesis field has a range measure in meters and this would let you add engines to cover more air(assuming that such additional volume can adequately off-set the mass+drag).

    Considering that the frontal area of the engine of a commercial airliner is much smaller than the surface area of the airplane in general, an aerokinesis range of even a few meters outside the skin of the vessel could provide a relatively large amount of thrust if you can push the air with the same speed as the airliner engine.


    However a relatively light vessel with a longer range of aerokinesis effect might want to be more spherical so that it could rapidly turn in any direction(so long as you do not crush any occupants/control systems), combined with a shorter-range aerokinesis system, you could have a nearly instantly reconfigurable aeroshell made of air which is held in place by the smaller system while the larger system  grabs and moves huge masses of air to push it around with a maneuverability that is only limited by the ability of the control systems to withstand the acceleration.

  13. 14 hours ago, Spacescifi said:

    I am not married to the idea of SSTOs being the end-all... I recognize the value of two stage orbital cruisers.


    But without SSTOs orbital cruisers are just that... forever stuck in orbit.


    Starship is designed to land on earth after launching SSTO from mars(where SSTO is much more reasonable).

    Launching from earth requires a SH first stage, but Starship is fine making orbit from mars or the moon, and even has dv left for going somewhere.

    14 hours ago, Spacescifi said:

    Ultimately I see orbital cruisers carrying one or two large SSTOs sitting outside the hull.

    If you want Star Trek type adventures, your engines(and shuttle craft/transporters) will need to be fantasy, not hard sci-fi. 

    Nothing realistic can manage Star Trek, even in a size-constrained multi-system like the 'verse from Firefly.

  14. 2 hours ago, Spacescifi said:

    I do not care so much that it is difficult... only that it CAN be done. At any rate the lightest weight one can go with still a reasonable payload ought to be interesting.


    And the magnetic hover tech is just too cool anyway not to use!

    The 'difficulty' is more expense and mass fraction than anything else.

    If you want a realistic vehicle using all of these wiz-bang ideas without ignoring realism, you should expect your 8kiloton STO to have a useable payload of perhaps 50 tons, and costs that might bankrupt a level 3 civilization with each launch.

  15. 6 minutes ago, Spacescifi said:

    In theory, an SSTO could launch this way using a ramp.

    This does not in any way reduce the force that the ramp would need to apply to the space ship, nor the forces that the ramp would need to undergo during a launch.

    If anything, this makes the problem harder as you no longer have anything keeping your vessel from sliding off to the side of the ramp and greatly limits the strength of the materials you can use for the surface of the ramp.

    You would also need a magnetic field strong enough to hold up that 8 kiloton vehicle, and I have serious doubts that a fixed magnet can manage that much force in the area available.(and if it can, it may be a bigger hazard than the engines.  Such a strong magnet right next to the engines would also likely cause problems with your magnetic nozzle.

    This also does not in any way address the issue of losses due to high speeds low in the atmosphere nor the need to make a 90 degree turn so to change the rocket from horizonal to vertical(Rear engines with no wings = falling with a high horizontal velocity unless you are vertical)

  16. 22 minutes ago, Spacescifi said:


    Because scifi drives based on the power it would actually take to pull of such feats  likely leave craters behind.


    My idea is that at a planetary spaceport you don't want craters.


    The ship still has chemical rockets though for VTOL because again... who wants to labd inside a smoking crater?

    The whole point of fusion over fission is that fusion scales down.

    Fission requires critical mass, providing a minimum possible blast, while fusion scales down to levels that are insufficient to even melt an entire snow flake.

    Also, you are using fantasy engines, so they have whatever properties you want them to have.

  17. 22 hours ago, Spacescifi said:

    Using fusion fueled pulsed high thrust rockets as in the OP should require considerably less fuel mass than if one used the equivalent in chemical propellant to drive off up/on the ramp.

    If you are using fantasy drives, why not just assume that you can use them for VTOL as well?

    Star trek and star wars do not even bother to put engines other than the ones at the rear, yet they still more or less VTOL.

  18. 42 minutes ago, JoeSchmuckatelli said:

    Yeah - it's not like you can see it or anything.  A distance from the star based 'measurement difference' in the magnetometer or a putative cosmic ray detector would be simple enough... But frankly beyond the interest of most players. 

    Sounds like the 'deep space' biome.  Not many would care about what demarks the difference, but Deep Space is a biome I would expect in KSP2 between the star systems.

  19. Just now, JoeSchmuckatelli said:

      Is there anything in the literature that makes it possible to 'slow down' or mediate a nuclear reaction such that it is not explosive per se - but rather has a controllable burn rate that might be useable in future interstellar rockets?

    A nuclear reaction has three possible states:

    Sub-critical: The reaction will peter-out and die without external support/neutrons

    Critical: the reaction is exactly maintaining itself with excess neutrons being removed form the reaction to maintain this state

    Super-Critical: the reaction is accelerating, usually in an exponential fashion

    A nuclear reactor wants to maintain a critical state long-term, and switches to sub-critical to 'shut down'.

    A nuclear bomb wants to initiate a super-critical state until the energy release blows the weapon into pieces too small for the reaction to continue.  The faster the reaction, the more energy it can release before it gets blown to pieces.

    If you want to use the heat from an on-going critical reaction, that would be a Nuclear thermal deign or perhaps some sort of ion engine powered by a nuclear reactor.

    If you want to slow down a nuclear bomb, that is called a misfire or a 'dud' and may not release even as much energy as a similar mass of TNT. 

  20. 21 hours ago, Spacescifi said:

    Yet the ramp and runway seem sound enough. The way I see it, if the main engine is in the rear, why bother with VTOL at all... especially for an 8000 ton SSTO? Chemical rocketry is inefficient for heavy SSTO's anyway.

    You are conflating two things:

    1) SSTO is inefficient for anything*

    2) Chemical rockets are the only thing that is currently useful for achieving orbit

    *) But science fiction ignores this for the sake of the story

    and you keep ignoring that Bigger is Better when it comes to chemical rockets, and huge** is the only way to get chemical rockets to SSTO.

    **) While SH+SS is huge for a TSTO, it *might* be big enough for a reusable SSTO that can actually do something useful, even if it would be terribly inefficient compared to the existing TSTO.


  21. 56 minutes ago, mikegarrison said:

    99% combustion efficiency is no big deal in a gas turbine. I'm not sure why Elon was so impressed by it.

    Wiki indicates that 70-90% is good for a turbopump: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turbopump#:~:text=Turbopumps have a reputation for,this is a severe problem.

    It looks like the efficiency problems are more with the fluid-handling side as opposed to the gas-turbine side(or at least all the listed issues seem to be related to fluid handling).

    Also, the 99% includes not just two gas turbines, but also the two pumps, the combustion chamber and the rest of the engine.  Even if both turbines are at 99.9% that still means that the rest of the bits combined lose less than 0.9% total efficiency. 

  22. 1 hour ago, Gilead said:

    I would like to play a modded KSP with MKS. I have installed a few mods using CKAN. My game is version 1.12.3, CKAN tells me MKS max game version is 1.12.9, so it should be compatible, yet I do not have the checkbox on the left to select MKS for install, as if it was not compatible.
    What should I do to install MKS, other than download it and install it manually (which I will do as a last resort)?
    Thanks in advance.

    CKAN can be kind of Jankey, it is recommended to manually install.

    As RoverDude no longer supports CKAN, it is possible that whoever made the latest changes left out something important(like USItools or firespitter) and so CKAN is seeing a missing dependency.

  23. 9 minutes ago, Spacescifi said:

    I am throwing known tech against the metaphorical wall to see what my stick.

    I think that if there were known technologies that could make a useful SSTO, we would have one by now.

    Generally speaking you will not find a plausible engine that can give you the dv to get to orbit with a useful cargo fraction in one stage and still have enough thrust to get off the ground. 

    Staging is a way to 'cheat' the rocket equation posted above, by discarding dry-mass that is no longer needed, letting you have multiple stages that each have a high fuel fraction.

    Each stage you add, just adds another chunk of dv to the existing rocket when you add it to the bottom.

    The trade-off is that each additional stage counts all later stages as part of it's dry-mass, but a SSTO would need to be much larger than any multi-stage rocket for the same task, so even with huge early stages, staging still makes an over-all smaller rocket.


  24. 40 minutes ago, Artificer_Drachen said:

    Very last thing, I just need to know where exactly to look and what to type in order to add the config.

    Looking in GameData\UmbraSpaceIndustries\MKS\ResourceConfigs\water.cfg

    I see entries like:

        ResourceName = Water
        ResourceType = 0
        PlanetName = Kerbin
            PresenceChance = 100
            MinAbundance = 1
            MaxAbundance = 50
            Variance = 20
            Dispersal = 3

    So if you just duplicated this entry and changed the planet name from Kerbin to Iota (or however it is named in the other config files) then it seems like that should add water to iota with an abundance similar to what you find on the land parts of Kerbin.

     Be sure to check for a similar config entry in the Galileo planet pack however, as if there are two, I would expect the last one loaded to over-write the previous one, and as the default water is not zero, I am pretty sure the iota water config already exists somewhere.

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