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  1. I found a rather interesting page that said something along the lines of the plutonium pellets fell through jupiter, reached crush depth and ignited, causing the splotch that appeared 1 month after the burnup of Galileio. Now this guy seems a bit conspiracy-theorist in other articles on his website, but this page, apart from the end, seems balanced and mostly true. Anyone got an opinion on this?
  2. What are your space kraken encounter stories? I recently was 80,000km above kerbin, slowed my orbit to 0m/s and the navball went weird. Not sure if that's a kraken, but still odd.
  3. I'm back for a short stint to clear stuff up. Hi. We seem to have been told that the escape velocity of a black hole at a certain altitude reaches the speed of light. But if the escape velocity is the speed of light, what stops us from being in orbit around a black hole, dipping our periapsis through the event horizon and recording data, then after exiting the event horizon at a higher altitude escape the black hole where the escape velocity is manageable? Or is the orbital velocity at that altitude faster than the speed of light? Has it been an issue of semantics? If things get heavier the faster we go could we plunge towards a black hole, reach the same mass as one near the speed of light, and become a black hole? Or would we sling the black hole away at high speed? What would happen? I'll post more badly formed questions a bit later once I think of some
  4. Yeah, that photosynthetic cell looks good. I just wonder about it's efficiency, because natural photosynthetic cells look good. Somewhere in the abstract i read "24% CO faradaid efficiency", but I have no idea what that means. If it is the overall efficiency, then what is more efficient: 2030s solar panels with advanced catalytic reactors, or a 2030s photosynthetic cell?
  5. Now before I can start writing anything, I probably have to address that I'm not certain of the price components of fuels. So I won't write anything on the subject I'll get to later. First clarification of the fuel price components is needed. I'm not sure if these are all the components, but they seem to be to me: Fuel tax (And GST? Not sure about in other countries) Paying investors for the money used to make the refineries and wells (materials, land, permits) Admin costs to keep the people at the top running the company happily and nicely Operational costs to pay for maintenance and downtime Transport costs Station running costs to stay stocked with unhealthy food General margin to make investors even happier COST OF OIL Is this about all, or is there far more?
  6. I don't know what I'm talking about, I post gibberish. Other people don't understand it, I don't understand their responses. This has come together in a big mess. I don't even know what to write. I'm practically certain I'm not describing this clearly enough. It seems that it makes sense to me, but when it goes into text even I don't really understand it. I think I should spend some time away from this issue and let myself mull over these responses. I'll come back in a while with something far clearer, so I can actually have a conversation. The chemistry has been sorted out. I now know everything I think I need to know on the processes. In the meantime, a diagram will be sorted out. Then hopefully I can communicate far more clearly in another thread.
  7. If I didn't do that, then the air processing system would clog up, as I said before. The energy was never coming from the air. Amine scrubbing looks like another good bet. Something I probably want to mention: I am NOT taking all of my water from the air. Anyway. Is this maths faulty? 80,000bpd = 150l/s 150l x 45MJ/l = 6750MJ/s 1kj = 1kw second 1kw second = 1kw so 6750MJ = 6750MW. Let's assume solar panels are $0.50/w. Total cost of system: $3.4 billion. Cha-ching
  8. Seeing how bad the energy scenario is playing out, I think I'll also be burning garbage to produce heat and carbon dioxide for the Air-To-Fuel system. (That's what I'm calling it.) It'll take in salt/seawater and water as well.
  9. With a bit more stuffing around the cost appears to have dropped from $200 billion to only $200 million. It still requires a 3.5 kilometre field, but it's a LOT smaller than the original, which was 13.5km! We can probably make it even smaller with wind and tide.
  10. I dehumidify the air so it doesn't clog up the air processing. Only with the propanol fraction. I've stumbled across something extremely peculiar. Take the following Fischer-Tropsch reaction: 2 CO + 5 H2 -> C2H6 + 2 H2O CO takes 38kj/mol to produce, and high temp electrolysis produces H2 for 216kj/mole. This means, per unit of feedstock, it takes 1156kj/unit to produce. What I've noticed is ethane produces 1560kj/mole in combustion, so this seems to leave a surplus of 404kj. 404? That does seem suspicious...
  11. Fractionate alcohols out of the water-alcohol solution, I should have wrote. Also, the dew point is too low sometimes, so the water would freeze. Putting some water in makes the dew point higher. In no way on mars! I'm presently reviewing the entire energy situation on this idea.
  12. Now, if there are any comments about the economic viability of this, please go back and post them on the original thread. I want this to be a chemistry and engineering only discussion. I've been developing a system to produce synthetic petroleum for quite a while. I first showed it to the KSP community on the original thread. Now, I'd like to iron out the chemistry until it's all sorted and I can write it up completely. (This is no university project, just a hobby.) I'll write out the concept and put italics on things which I am not certain of. This is now the concept. Air is taken, and if it is dry, water is injected to provide a dew point above the freezing point of water. The air is heat exchanged with a coolant, then it travels along a large, inclined set of pipes with holes to extract humidity. The humidity is purified to near pure H2O, then mixed with all the other streams of pure water from around the plant. It then is electrolysed into hydrogen and oxygen for use. The dehumidifies air is now compressed until the carbon dioxide is a liquid. It then goes down a similar system to the dehumidifier. The now pure air is vented. This carbon dioxide is taken, mixed with hydrogen and fed to a Sabatier process reactor, which produces water (which is drawn off) and methane. Some of the methane is odourised and pumped into the natural gas grid. Most of it is taken and mixed with pure oxygen, then catalytically partially oxidised in a reactor. The product of this reactor is syngas. The syngas is now altered to have desirable constituency, then it is fed into a Low Temperature Fischer-Tropsch reactor. The LTFT syncrude is split in a reflux drum into gas, syncrude and water. The water has a large amount of alcohols in it, and these are seperated via fractionation into very pure chemicals. The syncrude is hydrotreated to turn alcohols into paraffins and water. The hydrotreated syncrude is then mixed with the gas, then put into a huge distillation column. Light naptha is isomerised, heavy naptha is catalytically reformed. The kerosene, diesel and lube fractions' fate has not yet been decided. The gas rising out of the column is pressurised and fractionated. Unused syngas goes back to the LTFTR. CO2 goes to the Sabatier reactor. Methane is CPOX'd. Ethane is cracked into ethylene, then blended in with the ethylene. Propane and propylene go on their merry ways. Butene and butane do something else. The butane is isomerised with the light naptha, then the isobutane and butene are alkylated into a high-octane petrol blending stock. Atmo residue is taken to a vacuum distillation system. The light wax is put through a FCC, producing high octane crackate and cycle oil, which is mixed with the heavy wax and hydrocracked. The vacuum residue has an unknown path. Concept ends. Now I shall submit my questions. Are there any other methods of producing syngas, not including gasification? Are there any non-sulphur using odourants for LPG and natural gas? What would be the most efficient method of capturing carbon dioxide and water? Would it be possible to use hydrogen to cleave C-O bonds in alcohols? What other things would be required to refine the kerosene, diesel and lube fractions? What is the composition of FCC product?
  13. What are they? And how do I get them?
  14. I appear to have forgotten a LOT. I've got several VERY important things to know. Firstly, what is the product composition in FCC product? Next, how would I remove longer alcohols from the syncrude? I have 2 methods. Add solvent to the syncrude. Seperate the solvent, water and light alcohols in a reflux drum. Deoxygenated syncrude heads onto the distillation column. Seperate water and light alcohols in a reflux drum. Send through a hydrotreater which splits the C-O bonds in alcohols using hydrogen, and also hydrogenates olefins into paraffins. (Olefins lead to aromatic formation in FCC and catalytic reforming, my spies tell me, so more paraffins would be desirable.) Fjnally, what other oxygenates are found in LTFT syncrude? Sasol appears to have ketones as well as alcohols in their diagrams.
  15. Well, it looks like everything has been cleared up and chemistry has been sorted out. I'll be starting a new thread soon, with a summary of the entire concept. That will probably be the thread where everything is ironed out and economics are explored. I'll link to it in the next post.
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