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YNM

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Everything posted by YNM

  1. ... That being said, GNSS satellites (and other satellites) still derive their final position from a ground observatory. I've heard that at least one collaboration have up to 500 observatories - if they could be a fairly accurate source while providing enough high-accuracy coverage for ground-based positioning signals, maybe it'd work ? idk.
  2. MMX video explaining what they're expecting from D-type asteroids :
  3. GNSS Receivers does not transmit any signals - they just compare the clocks they have on-board (which is synced - value-wise when first started with terrestrial time signals, and step/rate-wise as long as the receiver is turned on) with the continuously transmitted messages from the satellites. Satellite position is both contained in the transmission and there are backup ephemeris within the receiver that allows operation under degraded accuracy. By comparing the time right now and the time at transmission it's possible to tell how far away you are from the beacon, and if you have the data from at least 3 beacons the intersection of the 3 circles of radius/distance it gives you your position - roughly (in reality I think you need a 4th one due to 3-dimensional sphere rather than circles that it produces). Directional transmission is available but obviously only certain receivers get this treatment (like some random joe's phone probably won't but military airplanes probably would). Yes, and with more fixed transmission beacons you'd increase the accuracy. The problem is that the world isn't a single country, and there're seas. They had >75 LORAN-C stations to serve mostly the northern hemisphere's seas (none would work well in-land since that wasn't the focus) - there're only 31 GPS satellites on-orbit right now providing coverage anywhere on Earth (excluding mines and tunnels), with merely 1/20th the error (20x more accurate).
  4. Maps only tell you the relative positions of features on the surface of the Earth - at no point does it tell where you are exactly. You can't use a map to adjust for errors - you gotta find a reference with 'known' positions then try to determine where you are. And since the comment was made in reply to airborne positioning beacon it's kinda useless IMO if you have a beacon that in itself have to derive their position from a completely different system already all the time (granted GNSS satellites does this - they're tracked by ground stations with known 'fixed' locations - but as with most celestial bodies space ephemeris are pretty accurate). If those airborne positioning beacons have to derive from ground stations we'd probably need a ton more ground stations (since they'd need one at line-of-sight), so much that it'd probably be easier to use the ground stations directly, and if they derive from GNSS themselves why not just use the GNSS directly ? Well GNSS is the advancement in technology we've finally arrived at. It's suddenly only 1/20th of it's predecessor, and that was with SA. EDIT : Although to add, why I brought up the datum as well, is because we haven't been using a unified global datum until GNSS comes along.
  5. Yeah but you can very easily describe their trajectory using a geodesic, which you can't do for a flying or floating thing in the air. That's why TLEs have been around since ages ago. And what are you basing that maps on ? Ground beacons measured with chains and triangulation ? It's better to just use ground beacons then... GPS/GNSS literally eliminates all of this, look up the recent proposed changes on geodectic systems (at the very least gravitational models), it's all based on the satellites' geodesics.
  6. If it's not fixed to the ground, or it can't be expressed in TLE that doesn't need to be changed every so often, I don't think you can use it to calculate your position wrt the Earth, unless you only want relative positions to the beacon or something. Also by "cheap" I mean to the end user. Sure yes some government's tax money had to pay for the satellites and maintaining them, but even if it never sees direct financial returns, much like the idea of weather reconnaisance satellite/stations - or emergency and disaster relief - it's just one of those things you don't do and expect any sort of financial incentives back. Though arguably it's still better than most other alternatives (like with ground stations who owns the land becomes important).
  7. MMX project mission overview (again) : EDIT : Also, Epsilon 5 launch date has been set on October 1, 2021 :
  8. LORAN too ? But actually even back in the age of CDMA and GSM mobile signals (so 2G) it was possible to roughly locate where you are. I still remember during our yearly mudik trip those nokia phones from the early 2000s would tell you which city are you in/passing through (I believe it was down to which district but not sure). These days I presume if you designate every 4G and 5G transmitter with a GPS coordinate and/or equip it with a GPS base receiver (the stuff that calculates their position for years on end stationarily to achieve extremely high precision) you can easily lose the GPS satellite and just rely on that maybe for a decade or two. But GPS/GNSS is always going to be far superior and cheaper. There's a reason GNSS approach minimums are equal to ILS Cat I approach minimums.
  9. I believe this resets at the time that the server's clock changes date, but I might be wrong ? Yeah it might be that. Or might also be the browser itself (I've laid out about how the embed function fails in Mozilla Firefox on Windows). Haven't got any fails here in Mozilla Firefox on Kubuntu but I haven't tried doing that again.
  10. H3 maiden launch projected by the end of the year, they're still waiting to replace one of the first-stage LE-9 engine with the final production version (hence they've been disassembling the rocket in the VAB). Said engine was still undergoing testing. (I'll edit in twitter links here later, incl. the update photos they usually have every 2 weeks.) EDIT : LE-9 engine final configuration testing :
  11. I've recently often been blocked off by cloudflare from being able to access this forum after being logged in. Granted I do usually access the forum while trying to write a post on a different thread in a different tab (sometimes a few different tabs and sometimes some would be in incognito ie. logged off while some is logged in), so I could understand why cloudflare might have problems with it, and I know very well that this region's IP isn't exactly the cleanest there is, but... is there a way to make it not that strict ? Quite a few times I've had to abandon trying to write a post because cloudflare blocks lasts pretty darn long. If anyone could shed a light on this phenomenon I'd be very happy to know what could've caused it.
  12. Yeah, that much is obvious, but it's possible to drive it down from being something spreading around the world to only spreading where they're not careful. And sadly that seems to be including ours in the list.
  13. Then don't do wildlife exposure with stuff we don't really actually need... bats or whatever it was. I mean SARS-Cov the original flavor has no vaccines and no cures either, but it's not here rampaging wild anymore, same with MERS, same with The PlagueTM, limiting transmission is a possibility (that honestly should've been pursued much harder much earlier).
  14. Yes, when the Earth was covered in tropical forest and only reptiles survive, and when the surface was lava.
  15. With efficacy in the 90%+ against severe disease and deaths honestly I wouldn't be as worried. Problem is that these are generally only for the mRNA vaccines (either the usual one or the adenovirus-based one - there have been researches that shows a combined mRNA vaccine regime might result in ~99% efficacy from severe disease and deaths), there have been quite a good number of cases of deaths from COVID after full vaccination (2 shots) of inactivated virus vaccines. And the latter is all we got for now here. In any case, already-vaccinated or unvaccinated-and-waiting-for-turn, masks and good hygiene will have to continue around the world until we really drive transmission down and get everyone vaccinated. Only then can the world breath in undisturbed fresh air again (although granted during lockdowns the air is fresher... ).
  16. AFAIK Oil & Gas industry can still work in other related things, ie. Geothermal, and I don't think pipelines for chemicals as well as crude oil demands for chemical production would stop. (wonder how this will affect prices however.) Because the needs of the one is probably included in the needs of the many. I'd rather be selfish and save myself if it means one have to save others in the process. It's already real for low-lying islands though. And even for those on 'solid' ground you might still end up having to deal with managed retreat.
  17. Sure, and what's there to stop it from destroying human lives ? XD Re. the problem at hand, esp. concerning how fast the sea level can rise - I think there were some analysis that given some antarctic ice sheet have their base rock lower than sea level, that means that the ice might start to float up rather than merely calving on the front. While that ice isn't melting yet it's still like suddenly dropping a giant ship onto a basin - the water level would rise up too.
  18. My condolences for your lost cat. You can always turn into papers and government reports.
  19. Well I thought we're off the shackles of merely limited by genetics and onto the new era of evolution by information. There have been no vaccines for coronavirus until this one, and the family of coronavirus causing common cold and the family that causes SARS and MERS is completely different. We're against the latter here. And yeah vaccinated person (even fully vaccinated) getting a COVID infection is real. It's not just one person only anymore either - it's families at once.
  20. Well one can only imagine. But still, if those diseases were previously treatable because the medical capacity was there, now there're probably lots of it that goes untreated, and that can easily creates more deaths as well. There's a reason pandemics are a bad thing.
  21. Yeah, secondary infection with fungus is a thing there (and probably here too, just that it hasn't surfaced yet, there were cases of it in the past albeit unrelated to covid). In any case, not a good news.
  22. We don't have good medical capability, there are a lot less doctors per capita - only 1%-10% of the US I think. I've heard ECMO being used in the US and Europe and other developed countries for very severe cases, and ethics have gone to those, but here not a single mention of it even appears, here even ventilators and more importantly medical oxygen are at critical situation, and ICUs have like 20% survival rate. And that's considering those that even gets medical help - a ton more aren't. IFR of 1% seems more likely here in the long term if the trend continues. India have median age of 26 and they're hit pretty badly (idk if anyone here saw the whole "bodies floating down the Ganges" thing). Young age is not a guarantee anymore now that we have Delta onboard. And these are just talk of deaths. Long Covid is also a thing, and that's something you guys can worry about too, here our hands are full as-is with coffins, trying to get people masked, and getting people fed and not dying from hunger instead in lockdowns (the gov't wouldn't direct much help here). And again, the concern here globally is of an even worse strain. You don't need to fall sick to contribute to the mutation rate, and vaccines alone does not stop infection. Delta already shows at least one significant mutation in the US and the UK... how long again must we wait for the one strain to end them all ? This is why I also think that this is a humanitarian disaster, in the sense that people are only thinking of what happens to them but doesn't realize what could come to them by letting the others go unnoticed. I am vaccinated once, and I should be getting the 2nd shot in a few days, but it's not the mRNA vaccine (either the normal one or the Adenovirus-based one), it's the inactivated virus vaccine, and even right off the bat (ie. pre-Delta) it does have a lower efficacy. If we want this pandemic to end humans should really help every other humans.
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