Jump to content

The Artemis Program | A recreation of the Artemis and Orion lunar programs from Eyes turned skywards | 1995 - 2010


Recommended Posts

VaGYX8B.jpg

"...In 1961 it took a crisis--the space race--to speed things up. Today we don't have a crisis; we have an opportunity. To seize this opportunity, I'm not proposing a 10-year plan like Apollo; I'm proposing a long-range, continuing commitment. First, for the coming decade, for the 1990s: Space Station Freedom, our critical next step in all our space endeavours. And next, for the new century: Back to the Moon; back to the future. And this time, back to stay. And then a journey into tomorrow, a journey to another planet: a manned mission to Mars...."

--George H.W. Bush, 1989

 

The year is 1992

America has just completed the assembly of Space Station Freedom

3 years have passed since the announcement of 'Project Constellation'. The Constellation program detailed a multi-step program, which involved completing Space Station Freedom, Developing a crewed Lunar vehicle and lander, finally returning Astronauts to the moon, and eventually settling on a location for a Lunar base, a permanent crewed outpost, keeping humanities foothold firmly beyond earth, with an eventual build-up of Mars hardware, ready to land humans on the red planet twenty years down the line. Out of the mess of competing programs, hardware and timeframes, Artemis emerged, a program similar to the early stages of Constellation, consisting of three major components: 

- Apollo block V, an upgrade to the block IV and the crew return vehicle for Artemis

- The Lunar lander, one Hab lander to carry supplies and a living space for the crew, and the other to be a glorified taxi to the surface

-A large 5.5m wide TLI stage to send the crew out to the moon, named Pegasus as it gave the Artemis program wings

These components would be launched on three separate Saturn Heavy H03 rockets, NASA's biggest and most powerful launcher since the Saturn V

 

My plan with this thread is to recreate the entire Artemis program, along with Orion, and it's Lunar 'Soonbase'

The mission list is as follows
 

March 1996 - Artemis 1

September 1996 - Freedom Expedition 32

October 1997 - Pegasus first flight

February 1998 - Artemis 2

June 1998 - Artemis 3

November 1998 - Artemis 4A , March 1999 - Artemis 4B & 4C

November 1999 - Artemis 5A,  July 2000 - Artemis 5B & 5C

January 2001 - Artemis 6A,  Summer 2001 - Artemis 6B & 6C

January 2002 - Artemis 7A,  Summer 2002 - Artemis 7B & 7C

January 2003 - Artemis 8A, Summer 2003 - Artemis 8B & 8C

January 2004 - Artemis 9A, Summer 2004 - Artemis 9B & 9C

January 2005 - Artemis 10A,  September 2005 - Artemis 10B & 10C

January 2006 - Unmanned Saturn M22 explosion

July 2006 - Artemis 11A,  February 2007 - Artemis 11B & 11C

 

Late 2007 - Orion assembly mission 1

Late 2007 - Orion assembly mission 2

 

June 2008 - Orion expedition 1

March 2009 - Orion expedition 2

2010 - Orion expedition 3

 

I hope you all come to enjoy this project as much as I will making it

Ad Astra!

Edited by AmateurAstronaut1969
Link to comment
Share on other sites

Posted (edited)

                                                                                                          Artemis 1 - 5th March 1996
                                                                                                                                     All great things have to start somewhere

Apollo Block V

Back in 1973, engineers at North American Rockwell worked hard to remove everything an Apollo CSM would need for lunar flights, creating the perfect LEO taxi, the Block III. Now, for Artemis, NAR once again has to reequip Apollo for Lunar flights. The block V CSM, as it is known, replaces the heavy batteries for lighter solar arrays, ensuring the CSM can spend long times in orbit powered. It's antenna system has been upgraded, and It's heatshield beefed up to it's former glory. Finally, the Block IV pressure vessel has been optimised to use space more efficiently and free up room for more propellant. 

The Block V will wait for Astronauts at the L2 Lagrange point, far out in a high lunar orbit, enabling an 'anytime return' for it's crew launching from the lunar surface. Because of this, it will have to spend long amounts of time uncrewed waiting patiently for it's crew's return.

By the mid 1990's Artemis hardware had left design and began production and testing, and by March 1996, the first flightworthy block V was ready for testing. The mission plan will be similar to Apollo 4 - The block V will launch uncrewed on a Saturn M02 rocket into orbit. Since the mission isn't carrying a mission module, the leftover performance in the S-IVB will be used to boost the spacecraft into an eccentric orbit. Once the spacecraft has separated and it's systems verified, it will fire it's main engine until depletion so it's orbit crosses and exceeds the moon's orbit, which will mirror the lunar return it will have to make crewed.

March 5th 1996 - Artemis 1 prepares for liftoff at 10:55am local time. Camera technology has improved very noticeably since the first launches of the Freedom program

n98LhjD.png

Engine ignition

C1twiZd.png

Liftoff of Artemis 1!

v7FPmQC.png

IPt081z.png

T+30s performance is nominal

JGa1ojL.png

YQq4Y2T.png

Approaching separation

U4b7nGy.png

Onboard cameras capture the departing S-IVB

DRq8qs2.png

nvu2iEH.png

vaREMaN.png

IitGN6w.png

J-2S cutoff - the stack now cruises for nearly 2 orbits whilst systems are checked for the departure burn

zvmg14C.png

Ignition!

2ZV0ICm.png

VYpLVf6.png

Engine cutoff 

7yPeKbc.png

ZbeTPpJ.png

Block V separation

OGlqzMp.png

Apollo spreads it's wings once again

LnE6NmE.png

7zdF3Dn.png

SPS ignition

rlkG4SC.png

Apollo cruises further away from Earth than it has been in almost 30 years

cV4X74p.png

c0tBxiX.png

Cameras on the outside and in the windows of Block V capture views of itself in the dark of space

rwv8S4w.png

GOTawe2.png

Cnz98e8.png

NASA opts to land the CM in the middle of the night, reassuring fears about a worst case scenario landing, and reassuring that a return in the night is possible

A new skip reentry profile will be used, in which two passes will be used - one to slow the initial velocity, and 'bounce' the CM up, and a second and final reenrty further downrange

LALdzyU.png

raNPHaf.png

Drogue chute deploy

ipuECrG.png

Main chutes deployed

P4tzgkW.png

Splashdown!

RAcRqI4.png

lMC1s0b.png

 

This is just the first step of many, the first of the steps that will return humanity to the moon, to stay!

Edited by AmateurAstronaut1969
Link to comment
Share on other sites

1 minute ago, Angel-125 said:

Did ETS ever go to Mars? If not, it would also be great to see that too! :) In the meantime, I look forward to the visualization of the ETS missions to the moon.

Thanks! ETS never actually showed a Mars mission, however part of Artemis was almost like Artemis In our timeline, the unofficial goal was preparing for Mars

Link to comment
Share on other sites

1 hour ago, AdrianDogmeat said:

The thread looks awesome and all but, How can you make a functional L1 point for Apollo Block V missions?

Well Lagrange points don’t work in KSP without Principia, but I’m just gonna park Apollo in a high lunar orbit to simulate the high orbit of L2 . I’ve tested it out and it works, and I managed to get a rendezvous almost immediately so it’s good

Link to comment
Share on other sites

Posted (edited)

                                           Freedom Expedition 32 - 30th September 1996
                                                                                                                          It's a test...still a test!

Crewed Block V

After the successful launch of Artemis 1 back in March, the Apollo block V system has been fully fully crew rated and verified. Before crewed flights for the Artemis program begin,  a full manned test of the block V must be done.  Expedition 32 will carry the new Apollo spacecraft to Freedom, along with a block IV mission module for a 2 week test flight.

The crew chosen to fly on the new spacecraft are:

- Commander, Michael Lawson - A veteran of the Freedom program, and his last spaceflight

- Pilot, Natalie Duncan - The first woman to graduate NASA's pilot training scheme

The crew will use their two weeks aboard Freedom to film the movie ''The dream is alive'' using an IMAX camera system brought up aboard the Crew module

hD1rBY0.png

The crew board their Saturn M02, ready to launch in a matter of hours

dxvtsE2.png

Liftoff!

r90PARh.png

7B5fYNu.png

Passing through Max-Q

WHHa8Oh.png

nqvWhup.png

''Expedition 32, you are go for staging!''

p8AxGqo.png

''Copy that Houston''

zglnAYp.png

r5SqgKD.png

Successful staging

OFBVo60.png

LRKdZXI.png

xR9MPns.png

Nominal orbital insertion, prepare for spacecraft separation

KaM49iU.png

p6KtuPF.png

Block V spreads it's wings

fvqYQzf.png

Mission module extraction

1PEf5S2.png

Tr0Ug0T.png

3XNC3As.png

kpFko51.png

After 15 hours, Block V approaches Freedom

NOgBg9K.png

7qLe4OP.png

Docking confirmed

QQQUOsz.png

WtxkznQ.png

5tHI8es.png

After 14 days, the crew wrap-up filming and depart from the Station

nf08BXV.png

iyOtVnL.png

Mission module jettison

WaGzEos.png

Apollo preforms it's deorbit burn and prepares for SM separation

ZtfsP6M.png

iQZkGeY.png

Gasses begin to compress around the CM and generate heat

EWjgNCR.png

qlR5lie.png

Drogue chute deployment

nrhLb7a.png

4orxxTP.png

Mains drawn

EFv3lzp.png

The crew splashdown safely only 2 kilometres from the target zone, close to the coast of Hawaii

 

Apollo Block V is now certified for Crewed flight, a major step in the Artemis program. Block V spacecraft will soon replace Block IV spacecraft, transporting crew to both Freedom and the moon!

Edited by AmateurAstronaut1969
Link to comment
Share on other sites

On 4/24/2022 at 11:44 AM, AmateurAstronaut1969 said:

                                           Freedom Expedition 32 - 30th September 1996
                                                                                                                          It's a test...still a test!

Crewed Block V

Docking confirmed

QQQUOsz.png

WtxkznQ.png

5tHI8es.png

After 14 days, the crew wrap-up filming and depart from the Station

nf08BXV.png

Apollo Block V is now certified for Crewed flight, a major step in the Artemis program. Block V spacecraft will soon replace Block IV spacecraft, transporting crew to both Freedom and the moon!

@AmateurAstronaut1969what did you use for Challenger? (Kitbash I assume?)

Link to comment
Share on other sites

38 minutes ago, AmateurAstronaut1969 said:

Yep, mostly HabTech. I carried the design over from my last recreation thread 

Did you use Tweakscale for the 3.75 portion or is there another HabTech-alike module that’s 3.75m already?

Link to comment
Share on other sites

22 hours ago, Teslamax said:

Did you use Tweakscale for the 3.75 portion or is there another HabTech-alike module that’s 3.75m already?

Tweakscale, and It's closer to like 4.2m. Challenger was essentially Skylab - It was close to it's size but instead of being a reused stage, It's an actual station module

Link to comment
Share on other sites

  • 2 weeks later...

Hi guys, I should probably have said last week, but Artemis is stopping for the near future. I’ve got important exams for the next 7 weeks basically I haven’t had much time to play amongst all the revision. So posts will stop until the end of June, after which, I’ll try and do this whole thing over the summer. Cool? Awesome!

Link to comment
Share on other sites

On 5/8/2022 at 4:08 AM, AmateurAstronaut1969 said:

Hi guys, I should probably have said last week, but Artemis is stopping for the near future. I’ve got important exams for the next 7 weeks basically I haven’t had much time to play amongst all the revision. So posts will stop until the end of June, after which, I’ll try and do this whole thing over the summer. Cool? Awesome!

Thanks for the warning and good luck with exams!

Link to comment
Share on other sites

On 5/8/2022 at 2:08 AM, AmateurAstronaut1969 said:

Hi guys, I should probably have said last week, but Artemis is stopping for the near future. I’ve got important exams for the next 7 weeks basically I haven’t had much time to play amongst all the revision. So posts will stop until the end of June, after which, I’ll try and do this whole thing over the summer. Cool? Awesome!

Same here. It's summer session time for all students across the world so good luck and don't catch too many retakes!)

Link to comment
Share on other sites

This thread is quite old. Please consider starting a new thread rather than reviving this one.

Join the conversation

You can post now and register later. If you have an account, sign in now to post with your account.
Note: Your post will require moderator approval before it will be visible.

Guest
Reply to this topic...

×   Pasted as rich text.   Paste as plain text instead

  Only 75 emoji are allowed.

×   Your link has been automatically embedded.   Display as a link instead

×   Your previous content has been restored.   Clear editor

×   You cannot paste images directly. Upload or insert images from URL.

 Share

×
×
  • Create New...